||Arabidopsis thaliana is a small flowering plant that is widely used as a model organism in plant biology. Arabidopsis is a member of the mustard (Brassicaceae) family, which includes cultivated species such as cabbage and radish. Arabidopsis is not of major agronomic significance, but it offers important advantages for basic research in genetics and molecular biology.
Small genome (114.5 Mb/125 Mb total) has been sequenced in the year 2000 (AGI).
Extensive genetic and physical maps of all 5 chromosomes (MapViewer).
A rapid life cycle (about 6 weeks from germination to mature seed).
Prolific seed production and easy cultivation in restricted space.
Efficient transformation methods utilizing Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
A large number of mutant lines and genomic resources (Stock Centers).
Multinational research community of academic, government and industry laboratories.
Such advantages have made Arabidopsis a model organism for studies of the cellular and molecular biology of flowering plants. TAIR collects and makes available the information arising from these efforts.